Tooth/teeth Extraction(s)Tooth/teeth extraction is the removal of teeth from the dental alveolus (socket) in the alveolar bone. You may require a tooth/teeth extraction if if you have excessive tooth decay, tooth infection, advanced periodontal disease, broken tooth/teeth that cannot be repaired, crowding, poorly-positioned tooth/teeth in the mouth (such as impacted teeth), or in preparation for orthodontic treatment.
The removal of a single tooth can lead to problems related to your chewing ability, problems with your jaw joint, and shifting teeth, which can have a major impact on your dental health. To avoid these complications, in most cases, Dr. Robinson, Dr. Lung, Dr. Davis or Dr. Forrest will discuss alternatives to extractions as well as replacement of the extracted tooth with a dental implant.
Several methods of anesthesia are available for tooth/teeth extraction(s). The method of anesthesia that is chosen for each patient is determined by the nature of the surgical procedure and the patient’s level of apprehension. Your oral and maxillofacial surgeon will discuss the best option for your treatment with you at the time of consultation.
The Tooth/TEETH Extraction Process
You will have either local, IV, or general anesthesia administered by our fellowship certified anesthesiologist’s. The oral and maxillofacial surgeon will cut into your gum with a small incision and surgically extract the tooth. They may need to remove bone around your tooth or cut your tooth before it can be extracted. If required, the surgeon will do bone grafting to preserve the socket.
Some teeth require sectioning. This is a very common procedure done when a tooth is so firmly anchored in its socket or the root is curved and the socket can’t expand enough to remove it. The surgeon simply cuts the tooth into sections then removes each section one at a time.
After Tooth Extraction
After tooth extraction, it’s important for a blood clot to form to stop the bleeding and begin the healing process. Bite on a gauze pad for 30-45 minutes immediately after the appointment. If the bleeding or oozing still persists, place another gauze pad and bite firmly for another 30 minutes. You may have to do this several times to staunch the flow of blood.
After the blood clot forms it is important to not disturb or dislodge the clot. Do not rinse vigorously, suck on straws, smoke, drink alcohol, or brush teeth next to the extraction site for 72 hours. These activities may dislodge or dissolve the clot and hinder the healing process. Limit vigorous exercise for the next 24 hours, as this increases blood pressure and may cause more bleeding from the extraction site.
After the tooth is extracted you may feel some pain and experience some swelling. An ice pack or an unopened bag of frozen peas or corn applied to the area will keep swelling to a minimum. Take pain medications as prescribed. The swelling usually subsides after 48 hours.
Use pain medication as directed. Call our office if the medication does not seem to be working. If antibiotics are prescribed, continue to take them for the indicated length of time, even if signs and symptoms of infection are gone. Drink lots of fluids and eat nutritious, soft food on the day of the extraction. You can eat normally as soon as you are comfortable.
It is important to resume your normal dental routine after 24 hours. This should include brushing, flossing, and utilizing a Waterpik® Water Flosser on your teeth at least twice a day. This will speed healing and help keep your mouth fresh and clean.
After a few days you should feel fine and can resume your normal activities. If you have heavy bleeding, severe pain, continued swelling for 2-3 days, or a reaction to the medication, call our office immediately at Edmonton Office Phone NumberEdmonton Office Phone Number 780-454-6565.